Meteorological Centre Ranchi, Jharkhand

Meteorological Centre Ranchi was established on 27 May 2002 after formation of the state Jharkhand
on 15 November 2000. It is the National Meteorological Service of the state and the principal
government agency in all matters relating to meteorology to provide weather forecast services to all
users like general public of Jharkhand and concerned Government agencies.

Major responsibilities of Meteorological Centre Ranchi are:
 To take meteorological observations and to provide current and forecast of meteorological
information for weather-sensitive activities like agriculture, irrigation, aviation, road transport,
 To warn against severe weather phenomena like thunderstorms, lightning, squall, heavy rains,
cold and heat waves, etc., which cause destruction of life and property.
 To provide meteorological statistics required for agriculture, water resource management,
disaster management to state Governments and non-Government agencies and general public for
assessment of damages and insurances.
 Archival of data.
 Research and development.

Jharkhand is a state in the eastern part of India. The main seasons are summer, rainy and winter. The summer is characterized by mean maximum temperature around 35°C. The southwest monsoon brings nearly all the state’s annual rainfall which is about 1054.7 mm. Nearly half of the annual precipitation falls in July and August. The winter season is characterized by mean minimum temperature around 11°C. Agriculture is important sector in the economy of Jharkhand. Farmers produce several crops such as rice, wheat, maize, pulses, potatoes, and vegetables such as tomato, carrots, cabbage, brinjal, pumpkin, and papaya.
Observational Network in Jharkhand:
 Surface observatory: 3 (Ranchi, Daltonganj, Jamshedpur)
 Part time Surface observatory: 2 (Chaibasa, Bokaro)
 Rain gauge stations: 81(at least one in each district)
 Upper air observatory: 1 (GPS based RSRW)
 Automatic weather stations (AWS): 13
 Agro AWS: 3
 Automatic rain gauge (ARG) stations: 28
 Athalometer (black carbon monitoring equipment): 1
 Radiation monitoring equipment: 1
 Sunshine recorder: 1

Meteorological services provided by M. C. Ranchi:
 Daily weather forecast and severe weather warning for five days with two days outlook.
 Nowcast for thunderstorm and lightning for 3 hours.
 Extended range forecast services for two weeks.
 Round the clock aviation meteorological services at B.M.Airport Ranchi and Sonari Airport, Jamshedpur.
 Agro Advisory Services for all 263 blocks of Jharkhand for five days.

Meteorological Services for Civil Aviation: M. C. Ranchi provides round the clock service to the civil aviation sector as per requirements prescribed by the ICAO and the DGCA. The web based information dissemination system known as On-line Briefing System (OLBS) of IMD is being used to generate meteorological briefing for pilots. The briefing and documentation to the operators is provided through automated means and email.

Agro meteorological advisory services:
 Agro Advisory Services (AAS) provided for farmers in collaboration with Birsa Agriculture University Ranchi and Agriculture Department, Government of Jharkhand.
 Block wise quantitative value added forecast up to five days is issued to the Agro-meteorological field units (AMFUs) (Ranchi, Darisai and Dumka), Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK), and Gramin Krishi Mausam Seva (GKMS) Kendra.

Major achievements:
 Agro meteorological advisory services are augmented from district level to block level (24 districts to 263 blocks) from 1 June 2019. An Excel based program is developed to make it user friendly for real time use.
 A location specific SMS based Nowcast and dissemination system is developed and
implemented for thunderstorm and lightning warning over Jharkhand from 1 March 2020 by joint collaboration of Meteorological Centre Ranchi, Jharkhand space application Centre(Govt. of Jharkhand), and state disaster management authority of Jharkhand.
 Implementation of Extended range forecast services for two weeks.

Dissemination of weather forecast and warning:
Weather forecasts and warnings are disseminated to general public of Jharkhand, state Government officials, Disaster management authorities, Media, Railways, Road transport department, Power sector, Water resource management authorities, Civil work department, Defence authorities, Public work department, GKMS, KVKs, AMFUs, Academic institutes, Agriculture departments and Universities through website, email, WhatsApp, SMS, Facebook, Twitter, Telephone.

Future plan for augmentation of Observational network:
 Installation of AWS at Tourism places.
 Installation of AWS at Krishi Vigyan Kendra, and Gramin Krishi Mausam Seva Kendra.
 Installation of AWS at Kendriya Vidyalaya.
 Installation of Doppler weather radar at Ranchi.

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